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2007 წ

eqa-xsnarebis gamoyeneba daavadebaTa profilaqtikisa da cxovelTa mkurnalobisTvis

 

sasoflo-sameurneo cxovelebisa da frinvelebis Sesanaxi saTavsoebis dezinfeqcia veterinariaSi warmoadgens erT-erT Sromatevad process. cxovelTa gamozrdis da Senaxvis teqnologiuri ciklisas saTavsoTa zedapirebi safuZvlianad WuWyiandeba cxovelTa gamonayofiT, sakvebis narCenebiT, mikroorganizmebiT, mtvriT da sxva.

 

specialistebsa da mecxoveleebs Soris xmarebaSia termini Senobis 'biologiuri daRliloba' saqonlis da frinvelis xangrZlivi Senaxvis Semdeg, rac iTxovs am saTavsoTa periodul gawmendas da dezinfeqcias.

 

SenobaTa sanitaruli momzadeba cxovelTa axali partiis miRebis win, rogorc wesi, Seicavs meqanikur gasufTavebas, hidrogawmendas da qimiuri dezinfeqtantebiT erTjerad an orjerad notio an aerozolur damuSavebas.

 

samamulo da sazRvargareTuli warmoebis cnobili madezinficirebeli preparatebis alternativas warmoadgenen eleqtroqimiurad aqtivirebuli (SemdgomSi-eqa) xsnarebi. eqa-xsnari dafuZnebulia sufris marilis susti koncentraciis wyalxsnaris eleqtroqimiur aqtivaciaze gamdinare eleqtroqimiur modulebSi, xsnarze maRali daZabulobis eleqtruli velis zegavleniT. sinTezirebuli eqa-xsnarebi _ anoliti da kaToliti xasiaTdebian mkveTrad gamoxatuli damJangveli da aRdgeniTi TvisebebiT. am xsnarebis garda miiReba neitraluri anoliti. es axali tipis xsnaria, romelsac gaaCnia Zlieri mrecxavi, madezinficirebeli da masterilizirebeli Tvisebani.

 

eleqtroqimiurad aqtivizirebuli xsnarebi spoben daavadebis gamomwvevebs, rogorc baqterialur, aseve sokovan eTiologiisa (oqrosferi stafilokoki, lurjCirqovan da nawlavur Cxirebs, B gepatiti B-s virusebs, poliometils, Sidsis, adenovirusebs, tuberkuliozis gamomwvev Cxirebs, salmonelozs, dermitomikozs da sxva). Tavis efeqturobiT eqa-xsnarebi gacilebiT aRematebian iseT cnobil dezinfeqtantebs rogorebic arian qloramini, natriumis hidroqloriti da sxva.

 

aqedan gamomdinare neitralur anolitis gamoyeneba mecxoveleobis fermebis dezinfeqciisTvis did praqtikul interess iwvevs. dezinfeqcia xorcieldeba Semdegnairad: zedapirebis danamva (Sesxureba) aqtivirebuli xsnariT xorcieldeba pulvelizator «Rossinca», «Avtomaks» an sadezinfeqcio manqana «VDM»-is gamoyenebiT, rac saSualebas gvaZlevs dasamuSavebeli zedapirebis Tanabari danamvisa. xsnaris Sesanaxi WurWeli xmarebis win saguldagulod irecxeboda. saTavsoebis damuSaveba tardeboda haeris da zedapirebis temperaturaze 18-22C?, haeris fardobiTi tenianoba 65-75 % Seadgenda. satesto obieqtebad stendur pirobebSi gamoiyeneboda samSeneblo masalebis zedapirebi: xe, moTuTiavebuli rkina, silikaturi aguri, betoni, mina, metlaxis filebi (15-15 sm. zomiT).

neitralur anolits xarjavdnen 600 da 1000 ml/kv.m. gaTvliT, aRniSnul dozebs cdaTa pirvel seriaSi asxurebdnen zedapirze erTjeradad, cdebis Semdeg seriaSi ki yovel dozas yofdnen 2-3 tol nawilad, romlebic gadaqondaT zedapirze 15 wuTiani intervaliT, dezinfeqciis saerTo eqspozicia 3,5-4 saaTSi eteoda.

 

sakontrolod iyenebdnen analogiur zedapirebs, romlebsac steriluri xsnaris Tanabari doziT amuSavebdnen. dezinfeqciis xarisxs afasebdnen eqa xsnariT dezinfeqciamde da mis Semdeg aRebul sinjebSi mikrobebis saerTo raodenobis SedarebiT.

 

sinjebis damuSavebam aCvena Semdegi Sedegebi:

suspenziur testSi (baqterialuri suspenzia + neitraluri anoliti 1/9) ank-xsnari uzrunvelyofs baqterialuri kulturis 100%-ian daRupvas 3-5 wuTSi. zedapirebis (liToni, xe, galesili da zeTovani saRebaviT SeRebili) anolitiT samjeradi damuSavebisas maTi zogadi baqterialuri dabinZureba 3-4 TanrigiT mcirdeba. amave dros nawlavuri Cxiri dezinfeqciamde aRebuli sinjis yovel naTesSi iyo aRmoCenili, dezinfeqciis Semdeg aRebuli sinjebis naTesebSi ar iqna aRmoCenili.

 

amgvarad anoliti maCveneblebiT pH=7 erT da aqtiuri qloris koncentraciiT 300-400 mg/l SeiZleba warmatebiT gamoviyenoT mecxoveleobaSi notio dezinfeqciisTvis danawilakebuli xsnaris dataniT dasamuSavebel zedapirebze.

samrewvelo mecxoveleobis warmoebis gamocdileba gviCvenebs, rom cxovelTa maRali koncentraciiT gamorCeul msxvil sarZeve fermebSi unda iqnas Seqmnili da mkacrad daculi optimaluri sanitarul-zoohigienuri pirobebi, rac xels SeuSlis SenobebSi paTogenuri mikroorganizmebis dagrovebas, romlebic iwveven e.w. bagur infeqciebs, gansakuTrebiT axladdabadebul cxovelebs Soris. am infeqciebis ricxvs miekuTvneba axladdabadebuli xboebis infeqciuri diarea, romelic farTod aris gavrcelebuli msxvil fermebsa da kompleqsebSi da maT did ekonomikur zarals ayenebs.

 

cnobilia, rom janmrTeli Zroxebis xboebi mikroorganizmebisgan Tavisufalni ibadebian, magram dabadebis Tanave xbos kuW-nawlavSi gare sivrcidan xvdebian sxva da sxva baqteriebi, maT Soris paTogenuri. isini arseboben garesasqeso organoebis zedapirebze, Zroxebis fekalebSi, sarZeve jirkvlis kanze, saidanac xdeba mosawveli aparatebis da sarZeve WurWlis dabinZureba. Sedegi - rZis dabinZureba.

 

amis safuZvelze Zroxebis garesasqeso organoebis da sxeulis ukana nawilis sanitarul-higienuri damuSaveba mogebis win, agreTve curis damuSaveba mowvelis win mrecxavi da madezinfiqcirebeli xsnarebiT sarZeve fermebSi gaTvaliswinebulia veterinarul-sanitaruli wesebiT da sxva normatuli sabuTebiT. es zomebi amcireben xboTa diareiT inficirebis albaTobas dabadebis dros da zrdis pirvel dReebSi. bolo wlebSi gaCenili mrecxav da madezinfiqcirebel saSualebaTa deficiti, da meurneobebis ekonomikuri siduxWire xels uSlis maTi saWiro raodenobiT SeZenas, ris Sedegadac bevri veterinarul-sanitaruli RonisZieba tardeba araregularulad da uxarisxod. isaxeba mniSvnelovani amocana- moZiebuli iqnas xelmisawvdomi, iafi da efeqturi saSualebani, romlebic mospoben yvela im mikrobiocenozis obieqtebs, romelTa meSveobiTac xdeba axladSobili cxovelebis diareiT inficireba.

 

gansakuTrebul yuradRebas imsaxureben eleqtroqimiurad aqtivirebuli wyalxsnarebi. maT gaaCniaT antimikrobuli moqmedebis universaluri speqtri, uvnebeli arian cxovelTa organizmisTvis da SeiZleba gamoyenebuli iqnas saqonlis gare safaris dezinfeqciisTvis. am xsnarebis upiratesobas ganapirobebs maTi ekologiuri usafrTxoeba, radgan eleqtroqimiuri aqtivaciiT miRebuli SenaerTebi TviTneburad iSlebian toqsikuri nivTierebebis gareSe da ar saWiroeben neitracizacias gamoyenebis Semdeg.

 

moskovis olqis leninis raionis sarZeve kompleqsis bazaze Catarda neitraluri anolitis sawarmoo gamocda. gamocdis mizani iyo: Zroxebis kanis da garesasqeso organoebis lorwovani garsis kontaminaciis donis Semcireba mogebis win. igive vrceldeba xbomogebul Zroxebis curis kanze da xboebis rZiT sakveb WurWelze gareSe sivrcis paTogenuri mikrofloris mimarT. Eleqtroqimiuri aqtivizaciis dros Rebulobdnen neitralur anolitis Semdegi maCveneblebiT: pH = 7,0 erT., aqtiuri qloris Semcveloba-300 mg/l; ank-xsnarSi dasvelebuli dolbandis tamponiT saguldagulod asufTaveben curis kanis zedapirs da garesasqeso organoebs. 4-5 wuTis Semdeg steriluri bamba-dolbandiani tamponiT iRebdnen anarecxebs amave obieqtebidan.

 

gamokvlevebis Sedegad dadginda, rom sarZeve kanis damuSavebisas nawlavuli Cxiris jgufis baqteriaTa kontaminacia sakontrolosTan SedarebiT Semcirda 50-jer, stafilokokebiT _ 8-jer, mikrobebis saerTo raodenobiT-7-jer. garesasqeso organoebis damuSavebisas nawlavuri Cxiris jgufis baqteriebis kontaminacia Semcirda 20-jer, stafilokokebis_12,5-jer, mikrobebis saerTo raodenoba-11-jer cxovelTa sxeulebis 4-5 wuTiani xangrZlivobiT damuSavebul ubnebze.

 

xboebis sakvebi WurWlis anolitiT 10 wuTiani dezinfeqciisas baqteriebis zrda ar aRiniSneboda.

 

Catarebulma gamokvlevebma daadastures neitraluri anolitis gamoyenebis mizanSewoniloba Zroxebis curis kanis da garesasqeso organoebis, agreTve xboebis sakvebi rZiani WurWlis dezinfeqciisTvis. miTumets rom ank-anolits gaaCnia arsebiTi upiratesobani sxva mrecxav-madezinfiqcirebel xsnarebTan SedarebiT ekonomikuri TvalsazrisiTac.

       sasoflo-sameurneo cxovelebis mozardi saqonlis infeqciuri daavadebebidan, romlebic udides ekonomikur zarals ayeneben sazogado meurneobebs da gansakuTrebiT ki msxvil mecxoveleobis fermebs, nawlavur infeqciebs wamyvani adgili ukaviaT. infeqciuri diareis enzootikuri afeTqebisas mozard cxovelTa daavadebebis done, gansakuTrebiT axladSobili xboebis, Seadgens 90-100%, cxovelTa daRupva diareisgan ki 20-40% Seadgens, miuxedavad mkurnalobisa sxva da sxva saSualebaTa gamoyenebiT.

 

amitom Caatares neitraluri anolitis moqmedebis Semowmeba cxovelTa mozardis infeqciuri diareis yvelaze xSir gamomwvevebze. amisTvis gamoiyenes neitraluri anoliti maCveneblebiT: pH = 7,0 erT., aqtiuri qloris Semcveloba – 300 mg/l.

 

am gamokvlevis Sedegebma gvaCvena, rom anolitis zemoqmedebis qveS yvela saxis baqteria, stafilokokis garda, iRupeboda 5 wuTis Semdeg, xolo stafilokoki-7 wuTis Semdeg.

 

neitraluri anolitis samkurnalo Tvisebebi Semowmda sarZeve fermebSi odincovis raionis gaerTianeba 'gorki-2'-Si da leninis raionis meurneobaSi moskovis olqSi. gamocdebis dawyebamde Catarda Semowmeba 6 klinikurad janmrTel axalSobil xboze anolitis uvneblobis dasadgenad misi xelovnuri dalevinebiT ori dRis ganmavlobaSi dozebiT 300ml da Semdgom 400 ml 1 miRebaze. am Semowmebam saSualeba mogvca dadgeniliyo anolitis am dozebis uvnebloba xboebisaTvis cxovrebis pirvel dReebSi. maT ar aReniSnebodaT aranairi gadaxrebi klinikur mdgomareobaSi anolitis miRebis Semdeg sami dRe-Ramis ganmavlobaSi.

 

diareiT daavadebul xboebs aZlevdnen anolits Semdegi sqemiT: avadmyofobis aRmoCenis pirvel da momdevno dRes dRe-RameSi 2-jer 300ml 1 miRebaze. gamocda Catarda 19 cxovelze. anolitis orkviriani gamoyenebis Semdeg yvela xbos diareis aRmoCenidan 3 - 4 dRe-RameSi gamojanmrTeleba daudasturda; SeuwydaT kuWis aSliloba, aRudgaT Wamis mada, gauumjobesdaT zogadi mdgomareoba.

 

miRebuli monacemebi adastureben neitraluri anolitis maRal samkurnalo efeqturobas aRniSnuli sqemis gamoyenebisas. es ki saSualebas gvaZlevs gadavideT mis ufro farTo sawarmoo gamoyenebaze is iafi da am daavadebasTan saimedo sabrZolo saSualeba. ank-anoliti aris ekologiurad usafrTxo da eqefturi madezinficirebeli preparati axladSobili saqonlis mozardis mosavleli sagnebis da inventaris sanitaruli damuSavebisTvis.

 

avt: k.u.miazitovi, e.s.buianovi.

asociacia 'agraruli ganaTleba da mecniereba

gaerTianeba '«burservisi»

saratovi, ruseTi

2003 weli.

 

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თუ ქსურთ მიიღოთ დამატებითი ინფორმაცია, დააჭირეთ აქ.

 

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